Biotechnology is the modification and use of living organisms to develop new products. Depending on the area of application, it often overlaps with other fields, such as agriculture, food production, medicine, industrial sphere, etc.
Biotechnology in present
Biotechnology in the present medical sphere finds applications in areas such as drug production, gene therapy, diagnostics, vaccines, etc. It has made a powerful impact on the lives of people, making them better, by contributing precious discoveries in the medical field above all. Due to biotechnology antibiotics were developed, genetic diseases have found their cure through genetic manipulation. However, the most impressive example of biotechnology in medical field is the production of insulin, due to which millions of diabetic patients benefited.
Industrial biotechnology is used to produce useful chemicals or to destroy polluting ones. Besides, researchers continue to work on biofuels in order to cut down gas emissions.
Agricultural biotechnology has eliminated our need to use pesticides. Today thousands of farmers use biotechnology methods for cultivating crop, in order to get healthy crop, which will have long life and various diseases will do no harm to the crop.
Our lives would be totally different without biotechnology, as it is the best solution for many questions in nearly all the fields and industries worldwide.
Future of biotechnology
An interesting are of biotechnology in agricultural field that is relatively new to the world is the improvement of corn plants by the method of bio fortification, thus increasing the nutritional value of the corn plants. Its good feature and the difference from normal fortification is that it focuses on the plant foods to become more nutritious while it’s growing, and not adding stuff during food processing.
It is hard to say for certain what technologies will exist in 30 or 40 years, but society and global economy will still be dependent on the wonders of biotechnology. Every sphere in the world is in need of biotechnology methods to produce something new and better, to move forward with more developed strategies and products.
Interesting facts about biotechnology
Nowadays genetically engineered insects are being developed, which are designed to control the hazardous pests spreading disease and destroying crops. They are sterile insects, and are placed in the environment to breed with natural insects, in order to reduce the number of their offspring.
Humans have used biotechnology for centuries in the past, without even acknowledging it. They have used it specifically in farming and drug production. Early fermentation of beer is also the result of biotechnology, when people used special yeast to make the beer in the past.
Due to its wide range of usefulness, biotechnology has become of the most sought-after fields of study in many universities, as many students have realized the importance of being in tune with one of the quickest-developing industries among others.
Despite its benefits, biotechnology is also met with criticism in agriculture, as a large part of population doesn’t agree with the good qualities of biotechnology in agriculture, and avoids genetically modified foods.